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gradually fell behind the Europeans air max 95

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PostPosted: Sun 11:55, 20 Mar 2011    Post subject: gradually fell behind the Europeans air max 95


On the battlefield, the Ottomans gradually fell behind the Europeans in military technology as the innovation which fed the Empire's forceful expansion became stifled by growing religious and intellectual conservatism.[42] [link widoczny dla zalogowanych] Changes in European military tactics and weaponry in themilitary revolution caused the once-feared Sipahi cavalry to lose military relevance. The Long War against Habsburg Austria (1593–1606) created the need for greater numbers of infantry equipped with firearms. This resulted in a relaxation of recruitment policy and a significant growth in Janissary corps numbers. This contributed to problems of indiscipline, lack of effectiveness, and outright rebelliousness within the corps, which the government wrestled with but never fully solved during (and beyond) this whole period. The development of pike and shot and later linear tactics with increased use of firearms by Europeans proved deadly against the massed infantry in close formation used by the Ottomans. Irregular sharpshooters (Sekban) were also recruited for the same reasons and on demobilization turned to brigandage in the Jelali revolts (1595–1610) which engendered widespread anarchy in Anatolia in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.[43] With the Empire's population reaching 30,000,000 people by 1600,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych] shortage of land placed further pressure on the government.[44]
However, the 17th century was not simply an era of stagnation and decline, but also a key period in which the Ottoman state and its structures began to adapt to new pressures and new realities, internal and external.
The amount of overlap between members of pairs and between adjacent owls varies with season. In the western hemlock zone of the southern Oregon Coast Ranges, home range overlap of northern spotted owl pairs was 74% to 97% during the breeding season and 64% to 91% during the nonbreeding season [58]. In the Coast and Cascade ranges in western Oregon home range overlap averaged 68% between members of a pair and 12% for individuals in neighboring territories [30]. Home range overlap between members of California spotted owl pairs in coniferous forests of the Tahoe National Forest was 47% to 63% [59].
Spotted owl densities also vary with habitat and location. In mixed-conifer and Douglas-fir forests in southwestern Oregon,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych],chaussures air max density of resident northern spotted owl pairs ranged from 0.046 pairs/km2 in fragmented Douglas-fir forest to 0.190 pairs/km2 in clumped mixed-conifer habitat [10]. In coastal redwood forests, Douglas-fir forests, and oak woodlands of northwestern California, average density of northern spotted owls was 0.209 owls/km2, but varied from 0.092 to 0.351 owls/km2 across subregions. Ecological densities, defined as owls per area of suitable habitat, differed significantly (P<0.001) across the subregions and varied from 0.373 to 1.049 owls/km2 [11].

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